English: The Book of the Dead of Hunefer, and reflected fantasies about the character of Egyptian civilisation that reached back a very long way indeed. A human-headed scarab placed over the heart of the mummy would prevent the organ from piping up at the moment of judgement, sheet 5.
Judgement in the Presence of Osiris, Hunefer's Book of the Dead Description: Hunefer's Judgement in the presence of Osiris, Book of the Dead, 19th Dynasty, New Kingdom, c. 1275 B.C.E., papyrus, Thebes, Egypt (British Museum).
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Hunefer’s high status is reflected in the fine quality of his Book of the Dead, which was specially produced for him. This, and a Ptah-Sokar-Osiris figure, inside which the papyrus was found, are the only objects which can be ascribed to Hunefer.
Other papyri exist which are more complete, for example the Book of the Dead of Hunefer at the British Museum, and these can give us an idea of what the judgement scene would have contained. The Negative Confession. To the right of the scene with Osiris is a long text often known as the Negative Confession. It consists of a series of columns.
The Book of the Dead. Facsimiles of the Papyri of Hunefer, Kerasher and Netchemet. With Transcripts. by E.A. Wallis Budge, 1899--Egyptian Texts of the Earliest Period from the Coffin of Amamu in the British Museum. with a Translation by Samuel Birch, 1886, British Museum--FRANKFORT (H., editor) The Mural Painting of El-'Amarneh, 21 plates, Egypt Exploration Fund, 1929, some blindstamps.
This is an excellent example of one of the many fine vignettes (illustrations) from the Book of the Dead of Hunefer.The centrepiece of the upper scene is the mummy of Hunefer, shown supported by the god Anubis (or a priest wearing a jackal mask). Hunefer's wife and daughter mourn, and three priests perform rituals.The two priests with white sashes are carrying out the Opening of the Mouth ritual.
The file above, which appears at on the Internet at Sacred-Texts for the first time is a faithful e-text of the 1895 edition of the E.A. Wallace Budge translation of the Egyptian Book of the Dead. In November of 2000 I inventoried my library and found that I was missing Budge's Book of the Dead.